Hormones 101: The basics on some of the hormones that are essential to living and living well.

Without the proper understanding of hormones, including HGH, and how they effect our health, we find ourselves at a great disadvantage.

With a basic understanding of insulin, cortisol, epinephrine, estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, DHEA and pregnenolone, and how they affect you, with a short study of Hormones 101, you will soon be on the fast-track to attaining the health, body and fitness levels you desire.

Dr. Diana Schwarzein, M.D., whom I believe to be one of the top Endocrinologists in the United States likes to use the terms; "build up" and "tear down". The object is to balance your "building up" and your "tearing down". Unfortunately, with disease running rampant in this country, the majority of us are predominately "tearing down". Because of this, we are challenged with accelerated aging. Understanding Hormones 101 should tell us that!

The three PRIMARY hormones are: insulin, cortisol and adrenaline. It is important to understand what causes these hormones to be released and what we can do to reduce that response.


INSULIN: Insulin is a necessary anabolic, as it has numerous effects on metabolism. Our primary concern is its ability to to uptake glucose from the blood and store it as glycogen in the liver and muscle. Insulin is in the primary category, because without it, we cannot survive.

CORTISOL: Cortisol is essential for survival as well, so it also is categorized as Primary. Cortisol is referred to as the “stress hormone”. Whenever you are anxious or stressed you will have a Cortisol response. To create “balance” in your life, Cortisol with counteract with Insulin, which then leads to numerous other responses.

EPINEPHRINE: Regularly called Adrenaline, is your “fight or flight” responder. Because of Epinephrine we are very good at dealing with short-term, or acute, stress. Epinephrine or Adrenaline are also in the primary category.

The next group is SECONDARY, not because they are not important, but because we can live without them. We may feel awful as we do during Menopause or Andropause, but we will survive.


ESTROGEN: Most people don’t know that Estrogen is actually a group of female steroid compounds (estrone, estradiol, and estriol), not “the” steroid compound.

PROGESTERONE: Progesterone, a steroid, aids primarily with menstruation, gestation, and the development of the embryo. Progesterone is converted from Pregnenolone.

TESTOSTERONE: A steroid, found in the androgen group, and aids in anabolism. Males produce Testosterone in the testes, females in the ovaries, and each produce a small amount in the adrenals.

DHEA: Dehydroepiandrosterone is a sex steroid. Pregnenolone, which is converted from cholesterol, converts to DHEA. DHEA is sometimes considered the “mother of all sex hormones”.

PREGNENOLONE: A steroid, is synthesized from cholesterol. Pregnenlone can be converted to Progesterone. Pregnenolone should be considered the “grandmother of all sex hormones”.


Cholesterol is the precursor to Pregnenolone (this is important)

Pregnenolone is a precursor to all other steroids, including Cortisol (this is very important)

Cortisol, is primary and necessary (this is of utmost importance)

Insulin, is primary and necessary (this is of utmost importance)

For the sake of our health (PRIMARY) and feeling better (SECONDARY) it would behoove each and every one of us to keep our chronic stress levels under control.

Hormones 101 tells us that we need to have Pregnenolone be the precursor to our sex hormones, and NOT the precursor for cortisol. If we are over-stressed chronically we can expect to struggle with Andropause and Menopause later in life, because Pregnenolone will be used to create Cortisol, not sex hormones.

Hormones 101 also tells us that we must keep our blood sugar challenges to a minimum, which in turn will not only keep our pancreas from being over-stressed, but it will keep our insulin and blood sugar levels in check as well. If we do NOT apply this information about insulin's vital importance to our wellness and longevity we are going to struggle not only with our weight, but our health as well.

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